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Archive for 2012

Manos con Jing

Muchas veces decimos en el Taiji que las manos deben de estar llenas. En China se diría que las manos deben de tener  “jing” (“fuerza”). En el siguiente articulo miraremos más de cerca a este concepto mientras examinaremos también unas nociones equivocadas y errores que pueden ser la razón porque nuestros movimientos, especialmente de las manos -hasta a veces tras mucho tiemp de práctica- pueden parecer vacias y muertas.

 Ma Lin Listening to Wind in Pines
Ma Lin (马麟), siglo xII, China
Pintando Eschuchando el viento entre los pinos;
Un ermitaño sentado en el tronco de un pino pequeño,
sus ojos cerredos y su pecho descubierto,
absorbido por el acto de escuchar los susurros
del viento, olvidandose hasta de la sacudida de la cola del caballo
usada para espantar a las moscas. (Fuente: The Art Book
of Chinese Paintings, published by Long River Press).
Qi está por todo, interior y exterior
.

 Qué les llenas a las manos? Obviamente el qi, la bioelectricidad, la fuerza vital o cualquier otro nombre que quieres darlo. Hay muchos conceptos diferentes sobre el: el occidente no lo reconoce, no se puede demostrar en un laboratorium; en algunos circulos del taiji se dice que es na frivolidad; mientras otros dicen que el qi llegan tras años de práctica,…

Qi como energia o como fuerza en el cuerpo es algo absolutamente real, presente, sin ella no podriamos ni siquiera levantar la mano. Fluye  por todo el cuerpo – según la medicina china tradicionalaccording (MCT) pasa por varios canales o “meridianos”, de los cuales los 12 principales se conectan con un organo interno. Cada meridiano acaba en los dedos o en los dedos del pie.

Se dice que el qi se potencia con la práctica del Taiji y que fluye mejor y sin obstaculos lo que ayuda a mejorar la salud. Los chinos dividen el qi en más y menos puro, hasta en muy sutil y espiritual. El taijiquan no solamente mejora la salud, también puede representar un camino (dao) para llegar a unos objetivos espirituales como ha sido propuesto por las sistemas filosoficas el Daoismo, Budismo, etc. Luego hay una tercera faceta -que es lo que le da su popularidad hoy en día- el arte marcial. Cada uno de los tres aspectos se entrelazan y cada vez que practicamos trabajamos los tres, aunque practiquemos el taiji solamente por razones de salud o diversión.

Las formas que fueron desarrolladas por los grandes maestros tienen como objetivo el desarrollar y expresar o usar el qi. La primera forma Laojia yilu containe sobre todo figuras que expresan el qi a través de las manos. Es decir, las manos deben de estar llenas, llenas de qi. Desde el punto de vista del arte marcial solamente tendremos exito con las manos llenas.

El problema en la lengua eslovena es que solamente tenemos un termino, roka o brazo (desde los hombros hasta los dedos se llama roka). En inglés hay una palabra “hand” que se refiere a la parte de los dedos hasta la muñeca, la palabra arm indica la parte desde la muñeca hasta el hombro. Cuando traducimos textos o escuchamos un seminario en Inglés muchas veces no nos damos cuenta de que tendríamos haber hecho el movimiento con la mano y no con el brazo. Sería más correcto decir que “dlan” o mano (no roka o brazo) tendría que estar llena de qi y que el movimeinto se debe de hacer con  “dlan” o la mano. Pero por regla general no lo decimos asi porque en al hablar solamente usamos una sola palabra  – roka o brazo.

Debido a esta limitación o inconsistencia en la lengua ejecutamos movimientos de Taiji con el brazo, usando hombros y codos. Cuando decimos a alguien de levantar la mano, él o ella automaticamente levanta primero el hombro o el codo. A un nivel subconscienta pensamos que hay que levantar el hombro, luego el codo, si queremos levantar la mano. Por lo menos asi parece – y mecanicamente parece necesario, no podemos llevar la mano a un sitio si no llevamos el codo y el hombro a ese sitio. Entonces, donde está el prob At least it looks so that– and mechanically it seems necessarlema? Porqué no levantar primero el brazo si la mano le sigue? El problema se encuentra en nuestra conciencia, en el uso de fuerza muscular y tensión.

Casi siempre usamos fuerza muscular para mover nuestros hombros y codos. Los clasicos del taijiquan dicen que el qi se bloquea al usar fuerza muscular, porque los musculos se están tensando y ponen estres en varios tendones y tejidos. Nuestra atención suele estar en los hombros y codos y ahi se suele quedar. Tensión, bloqueos y rigidez se forman en estas partes and asi el qi no puede llegar nunca a los dedos en su maxima potencial. Nuestras manos se quedan vacias y sin jing.

La atención influye mucho el fluj y la intensidad del qi. De hecho, esto es el Taiji, con la consciencia y la atención llevar el qi. Debemos saber de donde y hacia donde llevar el qi. En cada postura en la forma tenemos que saber el recorrido del movimiento, que es también el recorrido del qi y de nuestra atención.  No es sin importancia si al pegar un puñetazo la atención y el qi se pararía en el antebrazo tenso donde se dispersaría en los musculos tensos. Qué pasaría si nos enfrentaramos a un enemigo real?

Un buen profesor nos lleva a unos movimientos correctos, efectivos y hacia la expresión del qi. Nosotros mismos muchas veces no nos damos cuenta de que hacemos un gesto con una parte del cuerpo que no toca, tampoco notamos donde tenemos la tensión y se bloquea el qi. Un buen profesor nos ayuda a darnos cuenta y con varias técnicas superar ciertas costumbres y problemas.

Lo más importante es el relajar (fan song). Hacemos el movimiento de manera relajado  – en los hombros, los brazos, las piernas, la cintura, las caderas,  etc. Solamente a traves de una profunda relajación de las partes del cuerpo, sin uso de fuerza muscular el qi corre con fluide, sin obstaculos y en abundancia. A veces – otra vez debido a la expresión – pensamos que ya estamos relajados (sino no estaríamos practicando Taiji!) o que la relajación es meramente simbolica – para que suene bien. No, es 100% necesario. Si queremos 100% de resultados tendremos que relajar el cuerpo al 100%. Es posible? Los grandes maestros dicen que s pero solamente tras años de práctica intensiva y correcta.

Practicamos la relajación cada vez que practicamos el Taiji, sea en la forma, en chan si gong, en meditación o en el empuje de manos. Todas estas técnicas tenemos el mismo objetivo, ayudar a relajar para que pueda fluir el qi por el cuerpo hacia las puntas de los dedos y hacia los deods de pie. Hemos mencionado ya que en los dedos empiezan la mayoria de los meridianos importantes de acupuntura; ahora podemos entender porque la práctica correcta del Taiji beneficia tanto a la salud. Por lo tanto, si hacemos por ejemplo chan si gong debemos prestar atención a las manos, a donde va nuestra mente. NO podemos esperar de tener las manos llenas si la atención se queda en la cintura. Obviamente para una práctica correcta del Taiji hay que considerar más principios como enraizar, verticalidad, conexión, espirales,… etc. Pero acuerd aue todos estos se basan en la relajación.

Al pensar en la relajación, intentamos sentir nuestro cuerpo, especialmente en la parte de los hombros y las caderas para tratar de relajarlas. No tenemos que entrar en extremos. Maestro Fu en el seminar en Eslovenia de 2012 nos avisó que pensar demasiado en el qi pued provocar lo contrario. En vez de relajar una parte se vuelve tensa porque nos centramos demasiado en dirigir el fluyo del qi con la mente y la atención. Contó que este problema surge en principiantes que han practicado o aun practican qigong donde conscientemente se guia el qi de una parte a otra. En Taiji no podemos hacer las dos a la vez -por lo menos no en el nivel del principiante – vigilar el recorrido de qi en cada milimetro y al mismo tiempo moverse en acuerdo con los principios del Taiji.

Mantengamonos relajado fisicamente y mantengamonos relajado mentamente. Ejecutamos el Taiji con el cuerpo y la mente. No necesitamos pensar en muchos detalles. Hay una frase en Inglés que me gusta “let go” o soltar, que significa relajar, soltarte, no pensar. Un profesor te dice como moverte, o te dice el recorrido y la posición final. Nosotros intentamos hacerlo – tan reladamente que podamos. Quizas no lo conseguimos a la primera, quizas habrá que intentar miles de veces, pero de repente un día lo conseguimos? Eso es el Taiji y ahi está su belleza.Review Android Smartphone

Para resumir: manos llenas se refiere a las manos y los dedos llenos de qi. Conocemos la regla básica que dice: la fuerza viene de las piernas, se dirige por la cintura y se expresa en las manos. En el Chen Taiji se expresa más, con movimientos lentos alternandose con explosivos (fajing). Qi o jing, lo tenemos o no lo tenemos. En China se dice que tenemos kungfu o no lo tenemos. Qi que se expresa a traves de movimiento en la forma o en el empuje de manos no es sujetivo; no es una cuestión de imaginación. Lo sentimos y usamos y otros lo notan. No podemos hacer nada en empuje de manos sin jing.

Si queremos dejar fluir el qi hacia las puntas de los dedos, tenemos que relajar los brazos por completo. La manera más fácil es alargar los brazos (en China al estilo Chen se llama “brazos largos”). No extendemos los brazos por completo, se alargan porque relajamos los hombros, los codos y las muñecas. Solamente sabremos relajar estas partes si de manera consciente iniciamos y guiamos el movimiento desde la mano. Hay tantos factores en el Taiji que se interdepienden que a veces nos sentimos atrapados en un circulo vicioso. No te sorprenderá que el simbolo del Taiji es un circulo con dos polos y cada uno tiene una mezcla del otro.

Author: Dragi Bedina

English proofreader: Roy Hanney

——————
* The author’s native language is Slovenian

Seminar with Master Fu in Slovenia 2012

Master Fu visited Slovenia for the first time after a whole year of eager anticipation of many students. He held a successful seminar in Ljubljana from November 5th to 13th, 2012 and many have felt it was too short, although nine days of training was quite an adventure for most of the attendees. But Master Fu’s subtle sense for sensing tiredness banished all fatigue by dynamically leading a group of 50 or so people to enjoy every minute of training.

Video on Youtube (for English / Slovenian subtiles switch on ‘cc’):

He based his seminar on short form 18, founded by his venerate teacher, Grandmaster Chen Zhenglei, so that students could grasp the fundamentals of taijiquan. Basics were explained and afterwards practiced in depth to the effect that whole group learned complete the short form irrespective of an individual’s level of taijiquan. Since most of the students already knew the long form, the Laojia yilu, Master Fu also outlined certain points from the long form.

The schedule was intensive as it is at Master Fu’s Yangshuo school. But the seminar organizers also took time out to show Master Fu around Slovenia and he was impressed by the beauty of the country. In spite of a rainy week there was a sunny afternoon which gave us the opportunity to have a relaxed walk in the woods. On another beautiful sunny day we also had a walk to the charming crystal clear Lake of Bled where Master Fu enjoyed himself, playing around with ducks and swans, tasting famous local sweets and taking numerous photos.

 Master Fu in Slovenia

Master Fu Nengbin – 傅能斌, Bled, Slovenia, 9. November 2012
more in photo-album

A group of students, on a free Sunday also showed their guest the famous Postojna cave, one of the world’s wonders. But the height of the program was a public performance on the same day. National TV also covered the event shooting some interviews and broadcasting the event. All the students performed together the short form 18 as one harmonious group and there were also some group and individual performances by the attendees of the seminar. Master Fu had demonstrated the sword and xinjia with swift accuracy, delicacy, gracefulness and elegance – breathtaking.watch The Ridiculous 6 2015 movie now

Video on Youtube:

There was one common wish of all the students – Master Fu, please, come back next year again!

Marko Bedina

A few words on Learning Tai Chi by Fu Nengbin

Tai Chi Boxing of Zhang SanfengQ. How do you instruct Tai chi beginners who don’t have any basics to learn Tai Chi well in a short time?

Q. How can you help middle-level Tai Chi practitioners improve quickly?

These two questions not only reflect the wish of many Tai Chi lovers, but also become a realistic problem that Tai Chi instructors need to solve.Streaming and download The Accountant (2016)

Nowadays, Tai Chi is already recognised as part of modern life and many people love and support it. There are sources showing that the number of people who practice Tai Chi is over one hundred million worldwide. Over the years, the ways to teach Tai Chi and the ways to practice it have varied from person to person. There is no one fixed mode up to now. It sounds daunting for beginners if we tell them that the traditional way of learning is “Ten days one move, Three years a small success”. Therefore, in order to adapt to the demands of modern life, we must teach and practice Tai Chi in a scientific, handy, and flexible way.

According to the experience that I have gained from my learning and practicing Tai Chi for over ten years, from searching for teachers and visiting friends, from communicating and competing with others and from teaching and training students, I can offer some practical ways to solve the opening questions.

Here, I’m going to talk about it briefly.

1. Combine the theory and the practice.

First of all, we need to know the history of the different schools of Tai chi. We also need to learn the basic requirements, style, characteristics, rule of movements, techniques, and moves in the school of Tai Chi we practice. Each school has an individual system including the requirements for moving, the form arrangement, style and characteristics. There exists similarities between schools, and also obvious differences. Therefore, it’s necessary to clearly understand the requirements and rules of hands, legs, body, and energy according to the Tai Chi we practice. For example, the palm in Chen-style is “Walong Palm” and the heel touches the ground first during stepping. However, the other styles have different requirements. After you know these rules, it becomes easier to learn them. Of course, you still need to frequently practice by yourself. Some people are too shy to practice because they feel they are not doing it well or cannot remember the movements. They should know that it’s easier to watch Tai Chi than to do it well. To improve they just need to imitate the instructor boldly, follow, practice, and think frequently. After you become adept in the form, you will become more confident in Tai Chi and in life.

 

2. Practice basics, form, and pushing hands simultaneously.

The basics include joint movements, stretching, basic hand and leg movements, stepping, meditation, single movement, and the combination of a series of movements. It’s very helpful to improve your overall Tai Chi if you arrange some time to do basic practice, as the old saying goes “You will achieve nothing when you get old, if you only practice the fist form and ignore the internal skills”.

Apart from the basics, it’s important to practice the form. The students should first learn the short and simple introductory form, and then learn the longer traditional form. This way makes it easy for the students to handle the form and also saves their time. It’s beneficial to teach the students pushing hands at the same time as they learn the form. In fact, many people hold the opinion that the students can only learn pushing hands after they are able to do the form very well. However, this opinion is quite conservative and unscientific. Actually, doing the form is a process of knowing oneself, and doing pushing hands is the process of knowing other people. Both processes move from a shallow into a deep level. Practicing the form and practicing pushing hands are interdependent, part of a system within which they promote each other.

 

3. Round after square, low after high, and complicated after simple.

It’s inevitable that when beginners first practice Tai Chi, their hands and arms cannot do perfect arcs and that they pause every now and then. They cannot make the smooth and round circles, that Tai Chi requires, so the instructor doesn’t have to be very strict on that, just make sure that the students get the general route and directions. After they get familiar with these, the instructor can require the students to generally make the circles more rounded and living.

In Tai Chi, the stance can be divided into high, middle, and low level. The students choose how high they stand according to their age, different health condition, how long they have been practicing, and how deep their Kungfu is. For the beginners, the ones whose health is weak, and the ones who cannot do the basics very well, it’s more suitable to employ high or middle stance. As the practitioners’ postures improve, the strength of the legs increases, and their health is improved, they can gradually change into low stance. It’s easy to move flexibly if standing high, and it’s helpful to improve your level if standing low. However, no matter which stance they choose, they still need to open their body and keep their body straight. How high one stands should be correspond to how wide one steps, which means high stance corresponds to small steps, and low stance corresponds to wide steps. It’s a common mistake that one stands low with a small step. That’s because as one keeps on practicing, he is able to stand low but forgets to step wide. Other than that, the instructor needs to arrange for how long and how strongly the students practice.

The so-called simple means to get the correct palm shape, stepping stance, route, and direction requires students to take things one step at a time. For example the beginning posture, it’s fine once the student’s stepping is parallel, two palms follow the forward and upward route, the palm direction faces downward and rise up until shoulder level and should wide. After the student gets familiar with the hand and leg movements and is able to do them right, he can co-ordinate waist-turning, eyes, breathing, and rhythm with the movements in the form one by one. However, some people want to do all these aspects well at the beginning. They spend so much time thinking about every movement that they hesitate when they do the form. Consequently, their speed of learning is slow and their method is not beneficial to the learning and memorising of the form.

 

4. Learn it separately, and then put them together; learn the outside before the inside.

It’s very hard to learn every aspect of Tai Chi at the same time. It is no easy matter to memorise the movements or to find the feeling inside the body in one go. Instead, we can take the whole thing apart and practice each part one by one. Our body can be divided into four parts: head, upper limb, torso, and lower limb. After we master every individual part, we combine two or three of them and practice it together. At last, we take the whole thing to practice and to find the inside feeling.

Other than that, we can divide one form into the outside shape and movements, the meaning of attacking and defending, the employment of energy, the co-ordination of breathing, and the usage of eyes. The method involves the integration of all of these aspects only after practicing and getting each of them separately correct. In terms of time management, we can make a plan and decide which part to practice in one week, one month, or one season.

In Tai Chi, the difference between inside and outside is very important. The outside is the expression of specific postures and movements; the inside is the change of consciousness and mindset, and the feeling of operation of “qi” within the body. Both of these aspects are indispensable in Tai Chi. For the beginners, the outside shape is the key. Some people are obsessed to pursuit inside “qi” at the very beginning, and linger on the search for the feeling of subtle energy inside, which is fruitless and unprofitable. As the old saying goes, “a tiny lapse can lead to a huge mistake”, without the proper form, it’s very difficult to find the inside change that comes from practicing Tai Chi. Only when you get the postures and movements right, and the whole body can move in co-ordination, can you find the right way of moving the inside energy.

Once you obtain a good outward shape, you’ve accomplished the most important part of outside practice. However, if you stop here, what you will obtain is only a boring and empty frame. We still need to experience and improve from inside. At the beginning stage, once we enter the inside practice, our aim is to seek and experience the inside energy and “qi”. During this process, what we need to find is the feeling in some parts or the whole of our body, instead of feeling it in one certain meridian or one acupuncture point. We first practice sinking the “qi” down to “dantian”. Afterwards, we further experience the relaxation and sinking of energy vertically, the opening of the body and the unifying of the energy, as it is collected, stored and then emitted by the “dantian”. In this way, we are moving from shallow to deep. The outside frame is settled and the inside energy is fulfilled.

 

5. Work on the mouth, ears, eyes, body, and brain.

Work on the mouth means we should talk about our thoughts and experience of practice with the instructor and classmates. Don’t feel embarrassed to ask these whose level is lower than yours, and stay modest when you ask the teachers. Work on eyes means we should observe the outside world carefully, read the theories and watch other people practice. Work on the body means we should spend time training; “You gain one day work if you practice one day; you lose ten days work if you don’t practice one day”. Keep practicing, it is is essential for improvement. Work on the brain means we should think frequently, open your mind, know where you are, consider our practice from multiple aspects and think about every movement patiently. Everybody feels lazy at times, but you need to overcome it if you want to practice well.

Good methods can help people loose bad habits and also help them gain skill in the half the time. The points above are my own opinions. If they can give some Tai Chi lovers any help, that’s enough.

Fu Nengbin 2012
fu_nengbin@yahoo.com.cn
http://www.masterfu.net

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